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What is a Civil Compromise in a Criminal Case?

Posted by Sam Israels | Nov 19, 2022 | 0 Comments

In California criminal cases, justice is typically pursued through criminal charges and convictions. While a perpetrator’s sentence might give some satisfaction, not every criminal case has to end with a conviction for a victim to receive something in return for a perpetrator’s conduct. Sometimes, a...

Child Abduction Laws in California - Penal Code 278 PC

Posted by Sam Israels | Oct 29, 2022 | 0 Comments

Penal Code 278 PC defines the crime of child abduction as when another person with no right of custody takes a child away and keeps them from their parents or legal guardians. This crime is frequently connected to domestic violence. It’s a “wobbler” that can be filed as a misdemeanor or felony...

Assault with Intent to Commit a Felony - Penal Code 220 PC

Posted by Sam Israels | Oct 08, 2022 | 0 Comments

California Penal Code 220 defines the crime of assault with intent to commit another felony that involves assaulting somebody with the intent to commit a sex crime. The crime of “assault” involves the application of force on someone when the contact is harmful or offensive. This includes even the...

Disobeying a Peace Officer - Vehicle Code 2800 VC

Posted by Sam Israels | Sep 17, 2022 | 0 Comments

Law enforcement officers are given the authority to issue orders to citizens to execute their duties.  For example, you are expected to follow lawful orders if pulled over at a traffic stop for a suspected driving violation. Perhaps their orders are necessary for public safety or to maintain regular order during...

What are the Cyberstalking Laws in California?

Posted by Sam Israels | Aug 06, 2022 | 0 Comments

Cyberstalking laws in California make it a crime to stalk anyone using an electronic communication device as it’s a type of online harassment through online anonymity. Stalking is described under Penal Code 646.9 PC as harassing or threatening another person to the point where they fear for their...

What Are the Best Defenses for Grand Theft Charges?

Posted by Sam Israels | Jun 18, 2022 | 0 Comments

California Penal Code 487 PC describes the crime of grand theft as unlawfully taking someone’s property valued at $950 or more. This theft offense is a “wobbler” that can be filed as a misdemeanor or felony. If the property has a value of under $950, then a misdemeanor charge of Penal Code 484....

How Can You Defend Against Sex Trafficking Charges?

Posted by Sam Israels | May 14, 2022 | 0 Comments

California Penal Code 236.1 PC defines the serious crime of human sex trafficking as depriving somebody of their liberty with the specific intent to obtain forced labor or services. PC 236.1 charges are also often connected to pimping and pandering, sexual exploitation of minors, extortion, and child pornography...

What is Continuous Sexual Abuse of a Child?

Posted by Sam Israels | Apr 30, 2022 | 0 Comments

California Penal Code 288.5 defines the serious sexual-related crime of continuous sexual abuse of a child. This offense is described as someone engaging in three or more acts of substantial sexual conduct with a child under 14 years old occurring over three months or more. This unlawful behavior...

Best Defenses for Carjacking Charges

Posted by Sam Israels | Apr 09, 2022 | 0 Comments

California Penal Code 215 PC defines the felony offense of carjacking as taking a motor vehicle from somebody using force or fear. Under this law, the use of “force or fear” means the defendant has to inflict physical force or make threats to harm the victim. PC 215 carjacking could be charged...

Best Defenses for Kidnapping Charges

Posted by Sam Israels | Mar 26, 2022 | 0 Comments

In California, Penal Code 207 PC defines the serious felony crime of “kidnapping” as moving somebody a substantial distance, against their will, using force or fear. PC 207 is usually called “simple kidnapping” and is a felony offense that carries up to eight years in state prison. Penal Code 209 PC, a related,,,

What is Assault and Battery?

Posted by Sam Israels | Mar 12, 2022 | 0 Comments

Under California Penal Code 242 PC, the crime of “battery” is described as willfully and unlawfully using force against someone. The victim of the battery doesn’t have to suffer a physical injury as the main “element of the crime” is that you offensively touch somebody. The closely related crime of...

How to Defend Burglary Charges

Posted by Sam Israels | Feb 26, 2022 | 0 Comments

California Penal Code 459 PC defines burglary as entering a residential or commercial structure, or a locked vehicle, with the intent to commit petty or grand theft or a felony crime. Put simply, the very moment you go into a structure with criminal intent; you have now violated PC 459 burglary laws...

What are the Best Defenses for Cocaine Charges?

Posted by Sam Israels | Jan 29, 2022 | 0 Comments

Under California Health and Safety Code statutes, it’s a crime to possess, sell, or manufacture cocaine, which is frequently called “crack” and “coke.” Cocaine is a prevalent illegal drug in California, and authorities often charge people with cocaine-related drug crimes. Federal regulation places cocaine...

What is Kidnapping?

Posted by Sam Israels | Jan 01, 2022 | 0 Comments

California Penal Code 207 PC describes the crime of kidnapping as moving someone a substantial distance against their will using force or fear. Penal Code 236 false imprisonment is similar to PC 207 kidnapping, but the difference is whether the victim was moved to another location required...

What is Child Endangerment?

Posted by Sam Israels | Nov 27, 2021 | 0 Comments

California Penal Code 273a PC defines the crime of child endangerment as the willful exposure of a child to unjustifiable pain, suffering, or danger. The child doesn’t have to be injured to face charges under this statute. Just exposing a child to danger could lead to a child endangerment arrest, charge...

What is Sexual Battery?

Posted by Sam Israels | Nov 13, 2021 | 0 Comments

Sexual battery is described as touching someone’s intimate parts without consent for the purpose of sexual gratification, arousal, or abuse. This sex crime in California is covered under Penal Code 243.4 and is commonly known as “sexual assault.” PC 243.4 sexual battery is touching somebody's intimate parts...

What is Annoying or Molesting a Child?

Posted by Sam Israels | Nov 06, 2021 | 0 Comments

California Penal Code 647.6 PC makes it a crime to annoy or molest a child under 18 years old while motivated by an abnormal sexual interest of the minor. This statute is commonly known as “child molestation.” The meaning or annoying or molesting is to become engaged in conduct that...

What are the Resisting Arrest Laws and Defenses?

Posted by Sam Israels | Sep 20, 2021 | 0 Comments

California Penal Code 148(a) PC describes the crime of resisting or obstructing a police officer who is performing their lawful duty, which is known as “resisting arrest.” The statute also includes emergency medical professionals in the statutory language. When most...

Intimidating a Witness or Victim Law in California

Posted by Sam Israels | Aug 17, 2021 | 0 Comments

California Penal Code 136.1 PC describes the crime of dissuading or intimidating a witness or victim, which can be filed as either a misdemeanor or felony crime. This statute is often called “witness tampering.” Witness intimidation charges can be filed against someone for different types...

New Misdemeanor Diversion Law in California – AB 3234

Posted by Sam Israels | May 03, 2021 | 0 Comments

New Law in California Allows a Judge to Grant Diversion for Most Misdemeanor Cases Under Assembly Bill 3234. The state of California has significantly expanded an opportunity for diversion in most misdemeanor cases after Assembly Bill 3234 took effect on January 1, 2021. AB 3234 allows a defendant...

New Law Shortens Probation Time in California

Posted by Sam Israels | Apr 21, 2021 | 0 Comments

Probation has been reformed and changed in California and Assembly Bill 1950 provides substantial benefits to probationers in criminal cases. AB 1950 took effect January 1, 2021 and shortens the amount of probation time. Specifically, Assembly Bill 1950 shortens the length of probation in most m...

What Are the Sexting Laws in California?

Posted by Sam Israels | Mar 06, 2021 | 0 Comments

Sexting is normally described as exchanging sexually explicit pictures using a mobile device, but also includes stalking and harassment. When one of the people involved in the sexting is a minor, then it could lead to criminal charges. The crime of sexting involves sharing sexually explicit picture...

Speedy Trial Motions in California

Posted by Sam Israels | Feb 22, 2021 | 0 Comments

Review of a Serna Motion in California to Dismiss Criminal Charges for Lack of Speedy Prosecution A Serna motion can be filed for lack of a speedy trial to ask judge to dismiss charges. In California, a “Serna motion” (known as speedy trial motions) is a legal motion to dismiss misdemeanor or fe...

Consequences of a California Domestic Violence Conviction

Posted by Sam Israels | Feb 09, 2021 | 0 Comments

In the state of California, domestic violence is one of the most common prosecuted crimes under various criminal law provisions.  Its general definition is an attempt or threat to use physical force against an intimate partner. In Los Angeles criminal courts, domestic violence allegations are taking...

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